Capturing an image of a leaping great white shark or a falcon soaring over a mountain range can require a great deal of luck and a lot of waiting, but it also requires skill and experience. You don’t need a degree in photography or science to be a nature photographer, but it helps to have knowledge of both so that you can find your subjects and take good pictures of them.
Most photographers work on a freelance basis, which involves finding clients, coming up with assignments, and planning expeditions. Photography is becoming increasingly reliant on digital cameras and photo-editing software, so being comfortable with computers and rapidly changing technology is helpful. Nature photography involves long hours and spending a lot of time away from home.